Nefertiti was the wife of king Akhenaten, and enjoyed unprecedented equality of power with her husband throughout their reign. After twelve years of their regency however, she seems to disappear from the historical record. However, some scholars suggest she may have underwent a transformation to full co-regent and thus changed her name to Neferneferuaten. She is often depicted wearing the tall blue crown shown in this sculpture, which seems to reference the headdress of Tephenis, daughter of the sun god. Made from plaster and limestone, this piece would have been an artist's model for sculptors carving from more precious materials to reference.