The Akkadian Empire is considered the first, but certainly not last, empire in human history. In order to unite newly conquered lands, the Akkadian rulers utilized cunning social strategy and propoganda. They combined Sumerian and Akkadian deities into one super pantheon, and made monuments to their greatness that mimicked iconography that was formerly reserved for gods. The emperor Sargon of Akkad wanted his people to be more loyal to him than to their patron deities. This head is a copper cast that would have originally would have sat on a body. The eyes would have been inlaid with precious jewels or metals, hence why they were pillaged violently.
Photo credit / Iraq Museum, Iraq